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Types of Wire Cloth

April, 16 2009 Updated

Both types of Wire Cloth can be cut, formed and fabricated into various shapes to meet particular requirements or reach specific levels of filtration.

  • Woven Wire Cloth - The most common and is used for general sorting, screening and filtering applications.
  • Welded Wire Cloth - Considered to have a smoother surface and can have larger open area and/or larger wire diameter. Intersecting wires are welded together at each junction. The welds provide more strength and rigidity to maintain a uniform cloth.

Types of Weaves

The Plain Weave is the most commonly used and simplest wire cloth weave. Each warp wire (wire running-parallel to length of cloth) passes alternately over and under the wires running traversely through the cloth (fill or shoot wires) at 90 degree angles. It has an extremely wide range of applications.

Plain Weave Welded Wire Example

The Dutch Weave is produced by the use of coarse mesh (mesh wire, woven wire mesh, wire mesh basket) in the warp and a fine mesh with relatively smaller wire in the fill. This weave results in greater strength with very fine openings and is primarily used as a filter cloth. The shape and position of the openings aid particle retention and increase filter cake formation.

Dutch Weave Wire Example

The Twilled Weave is produced by passing each fill wire alternately over and under two warp wires. The pattern is staggered on successive warp wires, giving the appearance of parallel diagonal lines. This weave allows the use of proportionately heavier wires in a particular mesh count (number of openings per lineal inch) than is possible in plain weave. This cloth has a wide application capable of supporting greater loads and finer filtrations.

Twilled Wire Example

The Twilled Dutch Weave is produced by a combination of the features of the Dutch Weave and the Twilled Weave. Fill wires are passed alternately over and under two warp wires forming a fine mesh in one direction and a coarse mesh (mesh wire, woven wire mesh, wire mesh basket) in the other. This type of weave is capable of supporting greater loads than the Dutch Weave, with finer openings than the Twilled Weave. It is used in applications where the filtering of heavy material is necessary.

Twilled Dutch Weave Wire Example

Wire cloth (woven wire cloth, stainless steel wire cloth, wire cloth screen, wire cloth strainer, industrial wire cloth, metal cloth, wire cloth) is metal wire of various alloys that is woven or welded forming a cloth like material. Wire cloth can be formed in a variety of opening sizes and wire diameters. The open area is call mesh count or mesh per linear inch and is the critical information needed when ordering wire cloth.

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